The wound has just healed after tooth extraction. At this time, local fibroblasts have just extended and grown from the alveolar bone wall to the blood clot, and gradually organize the blood clot and become firm and firm.
Regarding the question of how long you can brush your teeth after tooth extraction, generally speaking, you should not rinse your mouth within 24 hours after tooth extraction, let alone brush your teeth. If you rush to rinse your mouth and brush your teeth, you may rinse and brush the blood clots and cause re-bleeding, or cause an unbearable “dry socket” with empty tooth sockets, which will prolong the recovery time.
Generally, after half an hour after tooth extraction, the doctor at the wound will coagulate into a blood clot, and after 24 hours, the blood clot will become a blood clot. At this point we are almost ready to use an electric toothbrush. Generally, after seven days, the wound at the extraction site will heal.
When using an electric toothbrush after the wound has healed, we’d better choose a sonic electric toothbrush, which is softer and less harmful to us than a rotary electric toothbrush. And the interval of vibration frequency is preferably between 25000-38000. Because for friends who have just had their teeth extracted, it is not suitable to use electric toothbrushes with too high vibration.
On the second day after tooth extraction, it is recommended that we use salt water or warm water to rinse the mouth, which can ensure the cleanliness of the oral cavity and reduce the occurrence of inflammation. And the water we use should be mild enough, and it needs to be light when gargling.
1.The nursing process after wisdom tooth extraction:
1) It is advisable to rest in a semi-recumbent position after wisdom teeth removal, do not lie on your back, or take a hot bath immediately to avoid wound bleeding.
2)You can eat liquid or semi-liquid two hours after tooth extraction, and do not eat hard and overheated food.
3)Do not do strenuous exercise or physical labor on the day of tooth extraction, do not drink alcohol, do not play musical instruments, do not suck on wounds, and do not rinse mouth.
4)Do not rinse your mouth on the day, do not spit too much, to prevent bleeding or infection. Do not suck the blood clot repeatedly due to the smell of blood in the mouth, and the wound will not heal.
5)Do not brush your teeth on the same day. If you are in a hurry to rinse your teeth, you may rinse off the blood clots, which may cause rebleeding or empty tooth sockets, resulting in unbearable dry sockets and prolong the recovery time.
6)After tooth extraction, bite the sterilized cotton or gauze pressed on the wound to achieve the purpose of compressing the wound to help stop bleeding. It must be adhered to for 30 minutes before spitting it out. Do not bite too tightly for too long.
2.Do you need anti-inflammatory drugs?
Taking medicine depends on whether your constitution has allergy anti-inflammatory drugs. If you do not have allergic anti-inflammatory drugs, you can take cephalosporin anti-inflammatory drugs and buy an ornidazole anti-inflammatory drug. These two anti-inflammatory drugs are eaten together. Take it for three to five days in a row.
3.Does it need to be injected with water?
In general, it is not necessary to hang saline, and it is enough to take anti-inflammatory drugs for three days. If the removal process is complicated, the removal time is long, and the trauma is relatively large, antibiotics can be administered intravenously.
4.How long is it abnormal to still bleed?
It is normal to have blood in the saliva within 48 hours after tooth extraction. Be careful not to suck or lick the wound. It is generally fine. If the bleeding is heavy, you should go to the hospital for medical treatment.
5.What happens when I have to go back for a follow-up?
If the bleeding does not stop, the pain or discomfort persists, the patient should be consulted immediately.
6.Will there be stitches and stitches removed?
Depending on where the wisdom teeth grow and how difficult they are to be removed, the doctor will tell you whether sutures are needed. The suture removal time is one week.
7.How to take care of the holes left in the gums after wisdom teeth extraction?
After tooth extraction, there must be certain damage and the oral environment has changed to some extent, so it takes some time to adapt. After observing and adapting for a period of time, it takes time to repair after tooth extraction. If the symptoms are still not relieved, please go to the oral class. See a doctor to find out the cause of the jammed tooth, and make certain adjustments, it can be solved! Pay attention to maintaining oral hygiene to prevent infection!
Toothache may be related to brushing. Frequent brushing may not guarantee healthy teeth. Improper method will damage the enamel, and toothache will still come to you.
“Dentin hypersensitivity” is a common clinical disease. In fact, the teeth become very sensitive due to the exposure of dentin. When they encounter cold, heat and other stimuli, they immediately feel sore and sore. Although many people take good care of their teeth on weekdays, they do not have tooth decay. Or periodontal disease, but it is still indissoluble with toothache.
The reason why these people suffer from toothache is that the enamel is eroded and depleted, resulting in exposure of dentin, or even damage. After losing the protection, the innermost tooth canal and pulpal nerve become more sensitive. People can’t stand it. There are many reasons for the destruction of tooth enamel, including “wear and tear”, “biting wear”, and eating acidic foods. Wear is mainly caused by grinding and improper brushing, while biting is caused by chewing, such as eating betel nut.
Damaged teeth are often caused by the wrong way of brushing. Many people think that the harder you brush, the cleaner your teeth will be, but this is actually a completely wrong concept. When brushing your teeth, you must use moderate force. Apply force in the direction of the dental arch. It is fine to brush up and down, rotate or horizontally. The bristles of the toothbrush should not be too hard. . Also, if you grind your teeth while you sleep, you can put a guard inside your mouth to keep your teeth from wearing down. Oral care focuses on scientifically and rationally using the correct method to persevere in order to keep your oral cavity healthy.
In addition, in daily life, try to avoid high-starch diet and high-phosphorus diet. High-starch diet is refined white rice, and high-acid diet is mainly carbonated drinks, potato chips and snacks. After these diets are decomposed, a large amount of acidic metabolites such as ammonia nitrogen and phosphorus will be produced, which will directly lead to tooth decay over time, which will be even more painful and not worth the loss.
2.Why does my tooth hurt when i brush it?
Many adults insist on brushing their teeth every day and still have toothache. In fact, most of them have gingivitis. Under long-term gingivitis, the gums will gradually recede, and then there will be tooth loosening and burning pain.
The main ingredient of gums is collagen, and gum recession is naturally due to the loss of collagen, which naturally makes the gap between the teeth gradually larger. In the past, when people encountered bleeding gums, they thought it was a lack of vitamin C and needed vitamin C supplementation. It’s true that chronic, severe vitamin C deficiency can cause bleeding, red, and swollen gums.
The following are the most common causes of toothache:
External irritation factors:
If you experience pain or discomfort after brushing with a hard-bristled toothbrush, you can get a new soft-bristled toothbrush. Most dentists recommend using a soft-bristled toothbrush for cleaning, because soft-bristled toothbrushes can also help remove plaque, fight cavities and gum disease, but are far less irritating to gums and teeth than hard-bristled toothbrushes.
2.Wrong time to brush your teeth
Usually, there are some bacteria in the oral cavity. After eating, there are still food residues in the oral cavity, which contain sugars, fats, proteins, etc., which are easily decomposed and digested by bacteria and salivary amylase, and produce some acidic substances. When the pH in the mouth is too low, the enamel on the tooth surface will demineralize, and the tooth will become weak. If you use a toothbrush for cleaning, it may cause excessive damage to the enamel, making the teeth more and more sensitive, causing damage to the teeth and easily causing diseases such as periodontitis. Therefore, it is recommended not to brush your teeth immediately after eating. Generally, half an hour after the food in the oral cavity is decomposed and digested, the pH value of the plaque in the oral cavity will rise, which will remineralize the early demineralized parts and protect the tooth enamel. Therefore, it is recommended to brush your teeth with a toothbrush after half an hour of eating.
1.Tooth nerve congestion and inflammation
More common in patients with deep caries, bacteria enter the pulp cavity from the caries cavity, causing congestion and inflammation of the tooth nerve. Tooth ache symptoms are often spontaneous, and the pain is aggravated at night, and the pain is also aggravated by hot and cold stimulation.
2.Acute periapical inflammation
Caused by factors such as the development of acute pulpitis or trauma. Generally, the position of the diseased tooth can be clearly pointed out, and the pain is persistent, and there is a feeling of floating, and it is difficult to chew. At the same time, due to the necrosis of the nerve of the diseased tooth, there is no provocative pain (hot and cold stimulation, etc.).
3.Acute periodontitis, gingival pain
In severe periodontal disease, the symptoms of toothache are similar to acute apical periodontitis. The diseased teeth not only have chewing pain and a feeling of floating, but also have formed periodontal pockets and loose teeth. The gums may be swollen and bleed repeatedly.
The further development of periodontal inflammation can cause periodontal purulent inflammation. When the abscess is formed, the pain is very severe, and after the formation of the abscess, there is a local fluctuating feeling, and the pain can be significantly reduced or relieved. (Don’t think that it’s okay if the toothache is relieved, on the contrary, the disease is developing in a serious direction!)
5.Inflamed wisdom teeth
During the eruption of wisdom teeth (end teeth), because the gums are not long enough to accommodate the wisdom teeth, and the gingival pieces covered by the wisdom teeth, such as the blind pocket formed below, are not properly drained, inflammation and pain will occur. The only way to completely treat pericoronitis of wisdom teeth is to pull out the wisdom teeth to avoid future troubles!
Symptoms are pain when the teeth come into contact with stimuli such as cold, heat, acid, and sweetness, but the pain disappears when the stimuli stop. The causes are usually gingival recession caused by periodontal disease, exposed dentin at the neck of the tooth, and tooth defect.
Teeth bite hard food or foreign objects, which can easily cause cracking. Cracked teeth are more difficult to detect, and usually only show obvious symptoms when they develop into a fracture. The most ideal restoration method is to remove the residual material and bacteria on the tooth surface, and then install the porcelain dental restoration.
Dental experts in the United States have long tested toothbrushes and cultured them, and found that the toothbrush was stained with Candida albicans, hemolytic streptococcus, pneumoniae and staphylococcus. After using a new toothbrush for 3-4 weeks, bacterial reproduction will damage oral health. If the bathroom is closed again, the toothbrush is equivalent to staying in a “dark and dark” humid environment every day, which is more likely to become the fuse of the disease. Taking advantage of the opportunity of brushing, these bacteria may pose a threat to the gums and mouth, such as causing gingivitis, stomatitis and even enteritis. Therefore, experts suggest that it is best to thoroughly clean it every 15 days to prevent bacteria from taking advantage.
A simple way to clean and disinfect toothbrushes is to boil them in boiling water. Boil the toothbrush in boiling water for 3 minutes, then take it out with a tool and cool it in cold water for 1 minute. Usually, the forming temperature of the toothbrush is about 300, and the boiling water is usually 100 degrees. Therefore, boiling water will not have a great impact on the toothbrush, but it can almost kill 100% of bacteria.If you have an electric toothbrush, you can remove the brush head to do the above.
If there is dirt in the crevice of the toothbrush, it can be cleaned with dental floss or clean cotton thread, and then rinsed with water. Do not arbitrarily clean the toothbrush with disinfectant, so as not to cause unnecessary trouble .
Other ways to clean and disinfect toothbrushes::
1.Warm salt water immersion method Salt water is a substance that belongs to a catalytic reaction and acts as an electrolyte. Before cleaning, we first prepare warm water, pour two tablespoons of salt into the water, and put the toothbrush that needs to be cleaned into the water. Waiting for the bubbles to appear, it means that the toothpaste on the toothbrush is dissolved in the water, which also marks the completion of the cleaning of the toothbrush.
2.Habit-building method After brushing your teeth, try to rotate the toothbrush vigorously in the water to achieve the cleaning effect. When brushing your teeth, try not to squeeze too much toothpaste, generally pea-sized toothpaste is enough. When brushing your teeth, try to brush as quickly and effectively as possible, and turn the toothpaste into foam as much as possible, so that it is not easy to adhere to the toothbrush.
3.Hydrogen peroxide soaking method Experts suggest that families with conditions can soak the toothbrush in hydrogen peroxide for 4-5 hours, or soak it in 0.1%-0.5% peracetic acid disinfectant, and then rinse it with running water.
4.Using the toothbrush sterilizer method The toothbrush sterilizer can be used as a toothbrush holder, and it automatically starts to use ultraviolet rays to sterilize when the toothbrush is put back, and automatically turns off after a few minutes. It can kill 99.9% of the bacteria and viruses on the toothbrush, which is more convenient.
4.What are toothbrush bristles made of?
We can easily find that most toothbrush handles are made of bamboo or plastic, but do you know what the bristles are made of? Twenty years ago, toothbrush bristles were mainly boar hair. With the advancement of chemical fiber technology, the current toothbrush bristles are mainly artificial bristles.
At present, the toothbrushes sold on the market mainly use PP (polypropylene) bristles, PBT (N6 and N66) soft bristles, nylon (PA) bristles, PET composite sharpening wires, etc., as well as ingenious carbon toothbrushes, nano toothbrushes .
PP hairs are mostly used in hotels or cheap toothbrushes. The manufacturing cost of PBT sharp bristle material is relatively high, and it is usually soft. Hard-bristled toothbrushes are easy to damage the gums, but have a strong descaling effect.
Soft-bristled toothbrushes don’t hurt gums, can deep clean teeth, and when used correctly, rarely damage our dental tissue.
At present, the bristle materials used in toothbrushes on the market mainly include nylon (PA) bristles (American DuPont silk), PBT bristles (Japan Toray sharpened silk), PP (polypropylene) bristles, PET composite bristles, etc.
Nylon filaments are generally divided into ordinary filaments and DuPont filaments. DuPont silk is a representative product of high-quality nylon filament, with equal thickness from top to bottom, rounded top, strong, wear-resistant, and strong cleaning power. DuPont silk toothbrushes have hard bristles, usually medium- or hard-bristled toothbrushes sold in supermarkets. Suitable for European and American oral environments, Philips is a typical brand that uses DuPont silk.
PBT sharpening wire. Invented and produced by Toray Group of Japan, because of its high softness, high resilience, high hardness, low water absorption, high material manufacturing cost, thick lower end and fine tip, it is made into a high-end soft bristle toothbrush. Suitable for delicate Asian mouths. Lion King, Hui Bai Shi, and Dr. Bei are typical brands that use Toray brushes. (Note: Lion King and Huibaishi imported toothbrushes only use this bristles). The Pasteur toothbrush that Dr. Pei sells in Xiaomi uses Toray PBT sharpening wire.
PP bristles, mostly used in hotels or cheap toothbrushes, usually brush 1 to 2 times, and the bristles fall down.
PET bristles are a composite material with a price between PP and nylon, similar to nylon, but with poor resilience, but usually the bristles will fall out in about a week.
The electric toothbrush testing standard stipulates that the rounding rate of adult electric toothbrushes shall not be lower than 50%, and the rounding rate of children’s electric toothbrushes shall not be lower than 70%. It can be seen clearly below.
The surfaces of the bristles that are not rounded have various irregular shapes and are sharper, while the surfaces of the bristles that have been rounded are rounder and fuller. Small, sharp, unrounded bristles have the potential to damage oral health, and the rounding rate plays a key role in caring for teeth.
Long-term use of an electric toothbrush with an unqualified rounding rate will damage our gums and scratch the surface of the teeth. It will be more difficult to achieve the desired cleaning effect after a long time.
The enlarged tooth surface is uneven, and then corresponding to the rounded bristles above, it should be easy to understand: why the brush head should pay attention to the rounding rate!
5.How to store toothbrush?
Is there the most hygienic way to store a toothbrush? This should be a concern of many people. After all, many diseases are caused by bacteria entering through the mouth, and toothbrushes are things that enter the mouth directly.
Where to store toothbrushes?
Usually our toothbrushes are placed directly on the counter in the bathroom, but have you considered whether there is anything bad about doing this? The bathroom is a humid place and usually has a lot of bacteria, so it is not a good idea to put the toothbrush directly in the bathroom.
In addition to the bacteria that grows due to humidity, there is also the invisible mist flow that we generate when flushing the toilet, which is mixed with urine and feces. If your toothbrush is placed closer to the toilet, then your toothbrush will With more bacteria attached, this leads to a greater risk of disease, so keep your toothbrush as far away from the toilet as possible.
How to store your toothbrush?
1.After the toothbrush is dry, use a special electric toothbrush storage box, which is more stable than standing on a table, and can also isolate external bacteria to a certain extent and reduce the growth of bacteria.
2.Disinfect the storage rack with a toothbrush. Both ordinary toothbrushes and electric toothbrushes can be used. Not only for storage, but also for drying and disinfection.
This is not only a storage tool for electric toothbrushes, but also the gospel of all toothbrushes! In the past, after a toothbrush has been used for a period of time, yellow stains will appear on the ends of the bristles. In rainy days, mildew may even grow inside the toothbrush. Who would deliberately look at the bristles when you wake up in the morning and sleepy eyes? in. Now, when you wake up in the morning, the bristles of your toothbrush are dry and still a little warm, so you don’t have to worry about being unclean, because they are all disinfected by ultraviolet rays. Hospitals, kindergartens, and catering industries use ultraviolet rays to disinfect.
Now because of the new crown epidemic, life is flooded with various disinfectants. Clothes disinfectants are used for laundry, alcohol hand sanitizer for washing hands, and floor mopping. 84. Some families even bought ultraviolet disinfection lamps. layer of disinfectant before entering the door. Although the toothbrush is not exposed to the crowd, other bacteria will not be less in a humid and airtight environment. When I researched how often to change toothbrushes, I saw that the data was that exposed toothbrushes breed more than 180 bacteria overnight. I don’t know if it’s true or not. Bacteria are not only easy to cause bad breath and bleeding gums, but also easy to cause other diseases. The key is that you don’t even realize that it is caused by a dirty toothbrush.
Therefore, after using the toothbrush, it is best to dry it under the balcony, or scald it with high-temperature water (not boiling water will damage the bristles) before brushing, or clean it with a special disinfectant (such as 0.1% fresh clean and extinguished or soaked in 0.1% to 0.5% peracetic acid) for a while.
If you think these methods are troublesome, then use a toothbrush to disinfect the storage rack, which is simple and convenient without time and effort.
Tips for using toothbrush：get rid of a hickey with a toothbrush
Take the toothbrush and brush the bristles across the hickey area, applying gentle pressure and using the toothbrush in different directions to dislodge the clotted blood and spread it to the adjacent tissue area. Repeat this process for about five to ten minutes. After the redness subsides, apply ice again. After that, if the hickey has not faded, repeat it again.